The Russian giant Gazprom has announced the completion of the construction of the Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline, which will transport Russian gas to Germany through the bottom of the Baltic Sea and thus avoid Ukrainian territory.
“At today’s operational meeting in Gazprom, CEO Alexei Miller said that this morning at 8.45 am Moscow time (5.45 GMT), the construction of the Nord Stream-2 gas pipeline was completely completed,” the Russian gas company said in your official Telegram account.
Last Monday the last pipe of the second line of the gas pipeline was placed in the German waters of the Baltic Sea, after which it only remained to connect with the section that connected it with Denmark.
It will start working before the end of the year
The consortium that built the Nord Stream 2 -Gazprom together with the French companies Engie, the German Uniper and Wintershall, the Austrian OMV and the Anglo-Dutch Shell, wants to put the gas pipeline into operation before the end of the year.
According to Miller said last day 2, the first supplies through the Nord Stream 2 can begin already in the next winter season.
Gazprom estimates that gas supplies through the pipeline may amount to up to 5.6 billion cubic meters this year, out of the total 55 billion cubic meters of gas that it will be able to deliver to Europe per year.
In Europe, the gas pipeline arouses concerns in several countries, especially in the east, considering that it increases the energy dependence of the European Union (EU) on Russia, which will no longer depend on Ukraine to transport its gas to the Old Continent.
The US wanted to stop the project through sanctions because it believed that the pipeline strengthens Russia, creates risks for Europe by making it dependent on Russian gas and threatens Ukraine’s energy security, but the Administration of US President Joe Biden withdrew in July past his opposition to the pipeline by admitting that he could no longer stop it.
Problems on the stretch of the Baltic Sea
The sanctions that the US had previously imposed on the project, led to the suspension of work in December 2019, when the Swiss company Allseas, until then in charge of the construction of the submarine section of Nord Stream 2, announced its definitive withdrawal from the sea. Baltic.
The viability of the project therefore raised doubts, but Gazprom and Russian President Vladimir Putin always said that if all else failed, Russia would assume all the work and costs to finish it.
After a year of pause and search for other alternatives, in the end Russia assumed the final section of the work, which crosses the economic zones and territorial waters of five countries: Russia, Finland, Sweden, Denmark and Germany.
According to Miller said in July, the pipeline will lower costs for European end consumers due to the shorter route of the gas transport system that will be the Nord Stream 2. It is almost 2,000 kilometers less to Germany than through Ukraine.
He also argued that the gas pipeline meets modern environmental requirements, and that carbon dioxide emissions will be 5.6 times less than those of the transit route through Ukraine due to the fewer number of compressor stations.